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HOW THE EU WORKS


europe

EU Member States have transferred part of their sovereignty to EU institutions, with many decisions made at the EU level. The legal foundation of the EU is built on a complex system of treaties among its members, which have been adapted over the years to meet the needs of a changing world and an evolving and expanding EU. Who Does What? Shared Responsibility between the EU & Its Member States

 The EU operates according to the principle of subsidiarity, which means that the European Union does not take action (except in the areas which fall within its exclusive jurisdiction) unless it is more effective than action taken at the national, regional, or local level. Exclusive EU jurisdiction: Only the EU may legislate and adopt legally binding acts in fields including the customs union, the common commercial policy, competition rules, and monetary policy for euro countries. Shared EU-Member State jurisdiction: Jurisdiction is shared between the EU and the Member States in specified areas including internal market rules; aspects of social policy; economic, social, and territorial cohesion; agriculture and aspects of fisheries; the environment; consumer protection; transport; trans-European networks; energy; freedom, security, and justice; aspects of public health; aspects of research and technological development and space; and aspects of development cooperation and humanitarian aid. Member State jurisdiction with support from the EU: Although Member States retain jurisdiction in areas related to the protection and improvement of human health; industry; culture; tourism; education, vocational training, youth and sport; civil protection; and administrative cooperation, EU actions can support, coordinate, or supplement Member State activities. The EU also coordinates economic employment policy and a common foreign and security policy, but these areas are managed separately from the framework above.

España

Spain joined the EU in 1986, and developed into a dynamic and rapidly growing economy, and a a global champion of freedom and human rights. Recently the government has had to focus…

Francia

rance today is one of the most modern countries in the world and is a leader among European nations. It plays an influential global role as a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council…

Germany

As Europe’s largest economy and second most populous nation (after Russia), Germany is a key member of the continent’s economic, political, and defense organizations…

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom (UK) consists of England, Wales, Scotland (who together make up Great Britain) and Northern Ireland. The UK’s geography is varied,…

Italy

Italy has been one of the leading actors in the long and not always easy undertaking of building a Europe without borders and trade barriers. Hosted many of the key…

 

 

 

Netherlands

The Netherlands has been active in the EU from the very start. Dutch officials, for example, were closely involved in shaping European agriculture policy and the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU)…

 

 

 

 

Belgium

Belgium, the importance of its central geographical location between the most important countries in Western Europe needs to be highlighted…

Other EU Country?

Email us with your EU country information request at info@texaseuchamber.org …